The castle is found eighty meters (260 ft) up the northern part of a hillside, and dominates the view of the old center of the Germany city of Heidelberg. The castle ruins are among the foremost vital Renaissance structures north of Alps. It’s had an extended and turbulent history since the earliest castle structure was inbuilt the thirteenth century. Having been totally destroyed throughout the Thirty Years War, and later by the French within the seventeenth century, the castle was affected by lightning in 1764 and even its stones were taken to build new houses in Heidelberg. All this rebuilding has led to a variety of architectural styles which adds to the castle’s charm.
Chateau du Haut-Koenigsbourg
The chateau du Haut-Kœnigsbourg is nestled at a strategic location on a high hill overlooking the Alsatian plain within the Vosges mountains, France. It had been utilized by successive powers from the Middle Ages till the Thirty Years’ War once the castle was burned and pillaged by Swedish troops once a 52-day siege. Once this the Chateau was left unused for many hundred years and have become overgrown by forest. In 1899 it had been given to the German emperor Wilhelm II and restored as it was on the eve of the Thirty Years’ War. Once the French confiscate the castle once WWI it had been thought of trendy to sneer at the castle due to its links to the emperor. Many considered it to be nothing more than a fairytale castle.
Chateau de Chillon
Located in an exceedingly lovely setting, between the shores of Lake Geneva and the Alps, Chateau de Chillon is Switzerland’s most visited historic monument. The castle consists of one hundred independent buildings that were gradually connected and now form a single whole. From the mid 12th century, the castle was home to the Counts of Savoy, and it was greatly expanded in the 13th century. The castle was never taken in a siege, but did change hands through treaties.
Built in the 16th century, Matsumoto Castle is considered one of Japan’s most famous castles. It is a flatland castle because it is not built on a hilltop or amid rivers, but on a plain. The castle’s complete defences included an extensive system of inter-connecting walls, moats and gatehouses. During the Edo period, the castle was ruled by the 23 lords of Matsumoto representing 6 different daimyo families. In this period the stronghold was also known as Crow Castle because its black walls and roofs looked like spreading wings.
Burg Eltz is a medieval castle nestled in the hills above the Moselle River between Koblenz and Trier, in Germany. It is still owned by a branch of the Eltz family that lived there in the 12th century, 33 generations ago. The Rübenach and Rodendorf families’ homes in the castle are open to the public, while the Kempenich branch of the family uses the other third of the castle.