Vienna which is the capital of Austria is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. So going for Vienna Holidays would be the perfect option for you. This place has a very rich history and the special monuments make it a perfect place to travel alone.
Austria is a place well known for its scenic beauty and cultural activities in the Alps. While you were about to plan for Austria tourism, you must be aware of its skiing and hiking rides in the glaciers. The place is the perfect destination to spend for those who seek the adventure during their vacation.
Rome is a city which is known for the icons of antiquity and the Christian faith. It becomes difficult to choose the first site from various places to visit in Rome. The major tourist attractions include – the Colosseum and the Pantheon. Try to avoid visiting too many churches and ancient sites in a row, and vary your experiences of exploring Rome.
The Colosseum and the Arch of Constantine
This tourist attraction is the silhouette of the Flavian Amphitheatre. It is as important to Rome as the Eiffel Tower is to Paris. The Colosseum serves as the model for sports arenas, the football stadium design is based on the plan of this place. Many festivals, circuses, games or theatrical performances happened here. The sitting at the Colosseum was – the populace on the third and fourth floor, aristocratic Roman families on the second and the Imperial Court and high officials on the lowest level – to watch the show.
Equally familiar is the Arch of Constantine, erected as ‘liberator of the city and bringer of peace’, and honored to the emperor by the Senate after he won the battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312.
The Vatican City
One of the places to visit in Rome include the Vatican City which stands as the smallest independent state, only less than half a square kilometer. The major tourist attractions include St. Peter’s Square and St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican palace and gardens, museums, supreme head of the Roman Catholic Church and an area ruled by the Pope. The museums have the collections of the papal coaches and the 20th century art which reflects the religious themes.
Being intact for 2000 years, this tourist attraction is the best preserved monument of Roman antiquity. As damaged by fire, it was rebuilt in AD 80. This masterpiece shows the high technical mastery of Roman builders. The Pantheon is the best place to visit in Rome if you are interested in looking at the supreme achievement of Roman interior architecture. The proportions gives the harmonious effect to the interiors – the height and the diameter is the same.
The Roman Forum has the history of the Roman Empire, it makes you feel that you have stepped back two millennia into the heart of ancient Rome. The courts, the markets and meeting places all centered here. Some of the tourist attractions include the Temple of Castor and Pollux, the Temple of Saturn, the Arch of Septimus Severus, the Temple of Antoninus Pius, the Curia and the Arch of Titus.
Trevi Fountain is the most popular tourist attractions in Rome. This is a must place to visit in Rome, throwing a coin is followed as a tradition. It is the largest fountain in Rome, originally constructed by Agrippa. The fountain depicts the sea god Oceanus with tritons, horses and shells, the water runs through the artificial rocks and collects in a basin which is always filled with coins.
One of the inscrutable ancient monuments of the world, Stonehenge has been the Britain’s most visited tourist’s spots. The iconic stone pillars attracts the attention of the people around the world and force them to think of the reasons behind their placement. People are amazed as to why they were put in place.
Stonehenge at Britain has been studied by different archeologists and each time a new mystery has evolved. It is believed that Stonehenge has been a part of a complex network of structures including regimented routes, burial mounds, unknown settlements, etc. It elaborates more of Neolithic and Bronze Age world.
People might get some insight by looking at it, but it is far deeper than it looks. The researchers, therefore, are searching the nearby area of the monument to find some evidences for these primeval monuments.
Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project is one of the projects which have looked it in this holistic way. The project was implemented from 2010 to 2014. The Stonehenge at the center of the complicated structures covers the area of 12 square km. It was a clear fact that the Stonehenge was not the only structure in the landscape rather surrounded by many others. Therefore, the significance of Stonehenge can only be understood when everything else is being studied.
It is believed that Stonehenge is built in two phases. The first phase was built around 5,000 years ago which included a ditch, bank and circle of bluestones. The second phase was built 500 years after the first phase and it consisted of the evolving outer circle which is iconic in itself. However, it has been mentioned that area was occupied around 9,000 years ago, much earlier when Stonehenge was built.
Stonehenge Riverside Project from 2003 to 2009 was led by Mike Parker Pearson of University College London’s Institute of Archaeology, suggested that all the significant Neolithic landscapes – Salisbury Plain, Avebury and the Preseli Hills in Wales, were linked and Stonehenge was holding that link. She also believes that Stonehenge came from Avebury area which is the home of a large stone circle in Europe and 30km away from the site. The first to be put in place at Stonehenge were the Welsh bluestones, acclaimed by Parker Pearson.
The excavation of the Stonehenge Riverside Project in 2008 revealed that there are remains of the cremated people buried including 58 burials – 9 men and 14 women. This excavated the significant role of women in the Neolithic period.
It is quite surprising to know that the new technology not only is able to find new sites but also changes our thoughts over the understanding the known sites. It is just the beginning to look around the monument and comprehend how it developed and its impact on the people who built it.
It doesn’t matter as to how many new discoveries are made related to Stonehenge. It is still not easy, in this modern-fast paced world to understand how it has been erected so perfectly for this long.